ust2
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Tours
CITY TOUR
TERMESSOS
DEMRE MYRA KEKOVA
TURKISH NIGHT
AQUALAND
QUAD SAFARI
DIVING
BOAT TOUR
JEEP SAFARI
RAFTING
CAPPADOCIA
PAMUKKALE
FIRE OF ANATOLIA
PERGE ASPENDOS SİDE
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Private Tours
TERMESSOS EVDİRHAN DÜDEN WATERFALL
SAGALASSOS-ANTIOKEIA-EFLATUN PINAR
PERGE ASPENDOS KURŞUNLU WATERFALL
PERGE ASPENDOS SİDE MANAVGAT WATERFALL
DEMRE - MYRA - KEKOVA
KONYA KAPADOKYA (2 DAY H/B)
PAMUKKALE EFES APHRODİAS (2 DAY H/B)
ALANYA
SAGALASSOS
PHASELİS OLYMPOS ÇIRALI (CHİMERA)
PAMUKKALE
CITY TOUR
KARPUZKALDIRAN DÜDEN KURŞUNLU
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Hotels
 
 
 
PHASELİS OLYMPOS ÇIRALI (CHİMERA)
From : ANTALYA
at : 08:30 OTEL
return : 18:00 HOTEL
Price : 1-3 PAX 350 € +PP 40 €

- Departure ( Departure time is up to the customers. Proposed time is at 08:30 a.m)

 

- Phaselis

 

- Lunch break

 

- Olympos

- Çıralı – Yanartaş ( Khimaira )

- Back to Antalya. Transfer to Hotels

 

 

PHASELIS

Phaselis is an ancient Lycian city in the Antalya Province in Turkey. It is located between the Bey mountains and the forests of the Olympos National Park, 16 km west to the touristic town of Kemer and 57th kilometer of the Antalya - Kumluca highway. Phaselis and other ancient towns around the shore can also be accessed from the sea by daily yacht tours.

The town was set up the Rhodesian's in 700 BC. It had been the most important harbor city of the western Lycia for centuries. Herodotus mentions that it was a city of pirates. Phaselis has 3 harbors. The "Northern Harbor", the "Battle Harbor" and the "Protected(Sun) Harbor". The most important of these today is the "Protected(Sun) Harbor". In the middle of the city, there is a 24 meter wide ancient street. In the southern part of the street,there is the "Hadrian Water Way Door". There are ruins of shops and stores on the sides of the street and near these there are ruins of public places like Roman Baths,Agora's and Theatres. The date of these structures are said to be dated back to 2nd century BC. There are water canals between the town center and the 70m. plato.

Phaselis is at 58th km of Antalya - Finike road. It is also possible to reach Phaselis city by maritime lines, which is 15 km away from Kemer.

It is thought that one of the eastern coastal cities of Lycia, Phaselis is one of the commercial cities of Hellenistic Age of VIth century B. C. It becomes a bishop center during Romans. Thick walls of eastern port of Phasellis, composed of three ports, are still in good condition. Western port, whose front and western parts are remained under sands is appropriate for having a swim.

Most parts of the ruins, which are on ground in Phaselis are remained from Roman period. These ruins are; port, castle walls, Zeus Temple, King Antonius Caravella road, also twenty lined theater ruins. Peninsula's throat part composing street is marvelous. It begins from south port and reaches to city gates. It is thought that it is also used as a stadium from time to time due to width and shortness of this street. Because history writes that two important athletism competitions are performed within Phaselis.

There are two temples near to Agora. One of them is constructed for the sake of "Athena Polias", which is a highly important goddess for Phaselis. Other one is for the sake of "Heista" and "Hermes". There were bronze made spear of Homer's mythological hero, Acchileus within Athena among these temples. Building ruins, a church as well as houses of bishops among these ruins can be faced at sides of the street. Aqueducts, which are covering the water needs of the city, are constructed with Roman style and still in very good condition.

There is also a museum, in which some ancient pieces of art excavated in Phaselis. Also here is drawing attention as an ideal promenade and beach place, composed of a shallow bay, fine sands and a forest, and mountain, sea besides historical beauties.

The Lycian coast town of Phaselis was founded as a Rhodian colony at the beginning of the 6TH century B.C. before which time it seems to have been inhabited by Phoenicians. Located in a fertile area and possessing three harbours, it soon became an important centre of trade, and the Phaselitans were renowned for their commercisl activities.

The city was under Persian rule from mid 6th century until 469, when it gained independence and joined the Athenian maritime confederacy, the Delian League. In 334 B.C., together with the rest of the region, Phaselis too was conquered by Alexander the Great. After his death it was under the dominion of Antigonas, and from the 3rd century B.C. on, of the Ptolemies and the Rhodians, until 160 B.C., when the city declared itself free and joined the Lycian League. At the beginning of the 1st century B.C. Phaselis was captured by Cilician pirates, and during the time of their domination it went through a period of decline. In 67 B.C. it was able to regain independence but in 42 B.C. it was added by Brutus to the Roman Empire. Occupied again by the pirates in the 3rd century A.D. and by Arabs in the 4th century, Phaselis aquired importance once again during the Byzantine Empire, when it became the seat of a bishopric. The city seems to have been abandoned sometime in the 11th century, as a result of the Seljuk invasion of the region. About 10 km or so after the little town of Kemer, a purely touristic resort with a good yacht harbour, you will see on the left side of the road the pretty bays of Phaselis with trees that reach down to the beach. A couple of kilometres later, at a distance of 35 km from Antalya, is the road leading to the ruins, which runs through dense pine forests. At the entrance there is a little white structure, which includes a resting area and also a small museum exhibiting a few archeological findings from the Phaselis area. The place has not yet been properly excavated, and therefore not much information is available on it.

As you proceed towards the ruins, after a while you will see on the left side of the road the remnants of a temple dating from the 5th century B.C., probably dedicated to Athena, and behind it on the hill, a fortified settlement built in Hellenistic times.

A little way ahead is the first of the three harbours of the city, the one referred to as the Northern Harbour. To its north there is the necropolis of Phaselis, which includes some interesting sarcophagi, and to its southwest an aqueduct constructed in Roman times, quite well preserved in places. Opposite this harbour, on the land side, are located the marshes for which in antiquity the city of Phaselis was known as an unhealthy place. The northern harbour and its neighbouring Military Harbour, the mole of which is visible in parts, are joined to the Southwestern Harbour by a paved avenue divided in two parts; along this are situated the main ruins of Phaselis. There are steps on both sides of the avenue leading to small shops, now partly in ruins. To the southeast is situated the theatre, reached by climbing over some debris. About twenty rows are left standing of this heavily overgrown structure which dates from Roman times. Between the theatre and the avenue there is a building in ruins, thought to be a bathouse.

To the west of the second part of the avenue are situated three agorae. The first, referred to as the Rectangular Agora, dates from the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. and to its west is located a little basilica. The next agora is flanked by ruins to the east and south; hare was found an inscription bearing the name of the Emperor Domitian during whose reign at the end of the 1st century A. D. the agora must have been built. The third later than the others, probably in Byzantine times.

Opposite the second agora is a cistern, while at the end of the avenue, close to the southeastern harbour, there is a gateway built in 129 A.D. in honour of the Emperor Hadrian who visited the city at this time.

On the eastern shore of the southwestern harbour are the remnants of the city walls, while in the water is visible part of a mole. Once you have finished visiting the ruins, you should go swimming in any one of these splendid bays of Phaselis.

OLYMPOS

Its name is probably derived from Olympos mountain roughly 15 km north of the city.
Olympos is fascinating not just for its ruins that are fragmentary and widely scattered amidst the thick greenery of wild grapevines, bay trees, flowering oleander, wild figs and pines, but for its archeological site just inland from a beautiful beach along the course of a stream which runs through a rocky gorge.
It is between Adrasan and Kemer. A plate on Antalya after passing Phaselis - Kumluca road, shows Olympos road. The city, which is found on 2nd century BC, is emptied on 6th century AD or it is estimated the city was abandoned by the 15th century.
It is delightful to feel as though discovering the mysterious site for the first time and walk through the overgrown park. In these days most ruins seem to be so artificially preserved that some of the magic of their age disappears.
There is no need a guide or for in-depth historical information while traveling to Olympos. However, an understanding of the city’s history will make each historical ruin you see and each step you take and more enjoyable and enlightening.
The ancient port city of Olympos was one of the members of the Lycian Federation in Lycian times.
Because of the wealth of the city, Olympos had three seats in the federation. It was an important Lycian city by the 2nd century BC. Strabon mentioned that Olympos had 3 votes in the Lycian League. The Olympians worshipped the god of fire, Hephaestos. Till the end of this period the city was subject to raids by pirates.

Olympos is an ancient city which is located in a valley at the south coast of Turkey, 90 km southwest of Antalya city near the Town of Kumluca.

The former city of Olympos was founded in the Hellenistic period, presumably taking its name from nearby Mount Olympos (Turkish: Tahtalı Dağı, Timber Mountain), one of over twenty mountains with the name Olympos in the Classical world.

From these mountains of the Solymi, according to Homer, the god Poseidon looked out to sea and saw Odysseus sailing away from Calypso's island, and called up a great storm that wrecked him on the shores of the island of Nausicaa.

The coins of the city of Olympos date back to the 2nd century BC. It was described by Cicero as an ancient city full of riches and works of art. The city became one of the six leading cities of the Lycian federation. In the 1st century BC, Olympos was invaded and settled by Cilician pirates. This ended in 78 BC, when the Roman commander Publius Servilius Isauricus, accompanied by the young Julius Caesar, took the city after a victory at sea, and added Olympos to the Roman Empire. The pirate Zenicetes set fire to his own house and perished. The emperor Hadrian visited the city after which it took the name of Hadrianopolis for a period, in his honour.

The chief deity of Olympos was Hephaestus, god of fire and blacksmiths. Near Olympos, located in the neighbouring village of Çıralı and about 200 meters above sea level, the eternal flames called the Chimaera may be seen issuing from the ground. The fuel source for the flames is natural gas, largely methane, seeping through cracks in the earth. The mythical Chimaera - or Chimera - was a monster with the head of a lion, the body of a goat and the tail of a serpent, who roamed these woods and sprouted fire from her mouth.

In the Middle Ages, Venetians, Genoese and Rhodians built two fortresses along the coast, but by the 15th century Olympos had been abandoned. Today the site attracts tourists, not only for the artifacts that can still be found (though fragmentary and widely scattered), but also for its scenic landscapes supporting wild grapevines, flowering oleander, bay trees, figs and pines.

ÇIRALI

Çıralı (pronounced tcherale!) is a small village located on the mediterranean coast, in the district of Kemer and the region of Antalya, south of Turkey. Çıralı is situated 80 km west of Antalya, between the towns of Kemer and Kumluca. Located in the foothill of Mount Olympos (Tahtalı Dağ 2366m), the bay of Çıralı is a triangular shaped plain surrounded by mountains, with a 3,2 km long beach limited on both ends by cliffs. The beach with a width varying from 50m to 100m, is a mixture of fine sand and pebbles. In the winter months, three streams reach the sea on the Çıralı shore.

Along with its beautiful natural and historical features, Çıralı is also famous for its citrus groves and its greenhouses producing vegetables in the winter. With a population of 1000 local inhabitants, the village has a touristic capacity of 1500 beds, mainly offered by family-run guest houses.

 The bay is protected by legal status aiming to preserve both its natural assets and its historical and archeological wealth. İt is divided into different zones of protection trying to control the impact of development. The valley sheltering the ancient city of Olympos and the neighbouring shore are protected archeological sites. 

The beach and the bay have been designated as a protected areas of natural interests of 1st and 2nd degree. The ecological environment of the bay along with a rich and diverse fauna and flora also plays a vital role in the reproduction of the sea turtles Caretta caretta, an endangered specie.

Although tourism has been a growing sector in the village over the years, its protected status has spared it from major touristic development so that no big hotels nor commercial centers have been built. It is one of the only places left on the Antalya coast where you will find small scale alternative tourism with most pensions hidden amongst the orange trees and chicken roaming freely on the streets. Because of the agriculture sector and the village school, life in Çıralı can be felt all year round.

YANARTAŞ (KHIMAIRA)

Çıralı 's Olympus' la One reason for the moment of beach that is close to one another, the real reason for our blood, in Greek mythology, a legend in itself, winning Chimera 's Çıralı' or close to it and that Çıralı 's name, Chimera' is receiving from. Chimera, called continuous burning of natural gas output Çıralı 't Translated from the northwest is located within the ophiolitic rocks. The ancient Greek mythology, the legend has been lived here in the Chimera. Azra Erhat 's Dictionary of Mythology' nde Chimera bet is described as follows; 

"Both of them are underground creatures Typhon 'la Ekhidna' s reunification Chimera is a monster he was born. Hesiod describes it as follows (Theog. 318 et seq.)

Chimera 's Ekhidna also gave birth,
The Chimera is not extinguished the fire blow 't,
terrible and big, fast and powerful,
instead of one, three-headed Chimera 's:
One wild-eyed lion's head,
the other goat, the other snake, dragon head
Pegasos rights has come from the Chimera 's
husband brave Bellerophon context '.


Homer, Hesiod roughly defined as Chimera 's ties to the legend of Bellerophon. Homer 'la Hesiod' ta uninfluential a narration, according to Bellerophon, Chimera 'or to attack Pegasos horse but did not spear at the end of (or uses arrows) of lead was put, the monster's mouth flushed from the fire melted the bullets of the brand and burned, a terrible dragon that can thus gave .

Chimera 's location Lykia at Olympos (today Çıralı) is shown as a city of Chimera on the back. Here, as in Antiquity natural gases gushing from the mountains today, and they ignite spontaneously or with a match lit endlessly. So that the fire in the mountains in places, even from the sea and sailors seem to be guide was. Ancient writers also know the fire of Chimera, however, place on a full compliance is not explained, they Plinius' according to, "mons Chimaera" Phaselis' e is close, Skylax 's description of reality is more suitable "Dionysias Island, Siderus Harbor and Cape this at the top of , Temple of Hephaistos in the mountains and gushing from the earth itself that has big fire that not never extinguished. Both authors gush of natural fire where Hephaistos' a one temple are saying. Indeed, today the ruins of buildings there, and until the Christian era, extending in a temple of inscriptions indicating are.

In addition to the legend, as seen Chimera Chimera has been the subject of legend Belferophontes.

Chimera, Yanar Creek Valley on the south slope, the burning out of serpentinite in three separate localities of natural gas is the name given to local people. Gas output as lokalitelerinden most visited Chimera 2 is shown. Here, the seasonal flow Yanar Creek Valley 's west side, the slope of 165 m above sea level height of 180 meters starting from the point of rising up to 80 meters in length on the slope surface of four different levels are constantly burning gas output. During our visit at the top, two stove lit square, 30 meters down the three quarries, 18 m. on a line perpendicular to the valley below and it's about 30 m. twelve quarries more to the two quarries in the total natural gas output were counted nineteen pieces lit condition. Most of the following under the stove has a large church ruins. Has not been excavated yet the church from the Byzantine era (probably 6th century) belongs here, and the Antiquity Hephaistos' a (Hephaistos: Greek Mythology 'nde, Zeus and Hera' s son, and all mineral processing and in the extraordinarily beautiful works can be created is a god (Azra Erhat: Dictionary of Mythology).) done on the ruins of the temple dedicated to believe. Excavation is carried out in the church mentioned in sub probably will reach the base of the temple.

Chimera 's according to mythology, drawing on the recipes. Çıralı goat and serpent 's abundant in the environment surrounding Taurus Mountains where the animals are out and the fire, the lion represents the power of the fire ...


First Chimera 's my birds fly 525 m. North west, Fork Hill east of 335 m. above sea level just below the waist second at an altitude of Chimera (the first in the 155 meters higher) mevkii is located. Here, two rows of seven natural gas output is from January 14. This segment of the approximately 30 m. side by side in three cases the gas lights are out again.


 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Four Seasons

Yeşilbahçe Mah. Metin Kasapoğlu cad.

1452. Sok. Hacı Yusuf Sitesi A Blok No 4/A

ANTALYA-TURKEY

e mail: mehmetyildiz@antalyafourseasons.com